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What Is Causing The Age Spots On My Face?

What Is Causing The Age Spots On My Face?

What Causes Age Spots?

The term ‘age spots’, or lentigines, refers to the brownish spots that, over time appear on your face and body as a result of overexposure to the sun.

Our skin contains a substance called ‘melanin pigment’ which absorbs sunlight and helps naturally protect our skin from UV rays. However as we age, our skin’s natural ability to protect itself from UV rays begins to deteriorate, and as a result, we see the development of age spots.

What Is Happening To The Skin?

There are two different types of age spots that appear on skin Solar Lentigos (age spots) and freckles (known as ephiledes). They appear as a result of sun damage to the melanocytes, the cells in the epidermis that produce melanin pigment.

Some people have almost no melanin pigment and as a result their skin is less able to protect itself from the sun. As a result it can cause abnormal melanin pigment in the form of freckles and brown spots. Age spots and skin pigmentation can be treated by laser procedures such as fractional CO2 resurfacing and laser dermabrasion

Does Tanning Cause Age Spots?

Tanned skin is not healthy skin. A tan is our body’s way of telling us our skin has been damaged, and its attempt to protect itself from further damage. As we undergo UVA and UVB light exposure from the sun’s rays or from sunbeds, we are damaging our skin, which will eventually lead to age spots (solar lentigines), sun spots, liver spots, and melasma (mottled brownish areas).

Prevention Is Possible

Preventing age spots requires sun avoidance and sun protection. If possible wear a sunscreen or SPF moisturiser everyday. Many well-known brands now include a SPF sunscreen in their ranges. Look for one that has a SPF of at least 20.

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